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Ohio Foreclosure Law
2329.31. Confirmation and order for deed.
Upon the return of any writ of execution for the satisfaction of which lands and tenements have been sold, on careful examination of the proceedings of the officer making the sale, if the court of common pleas finds that the sale was made, in all respects, in conformity with sections 2329.01 to 2329.61, inclusive, of the Revised Code, it shall direct the clerk of the court of common pleas to make an entry on the journal that the court is satisfied of the legality of such sale, and that the officer make to the purchaser a deed for the lands and tenements.
2329.32. Officer may retain purchase money until sale confirmed.
The officer, on making the sale of property of a judgment debtor, may retain the purchase money in his hands until the court examines his proceedings, when he shall pay it to the person entitled thereto, under the order of the court.
2329.33. Redemption by judgment debtor.
In sales of real estate on execution or order of sale, at any time before the confirmation thereof, the debtor may redeem it from sale by depositing in the hands of the clerk of the court of common pleas to which such execution or order is returnable, the amount of the judgment or decree upon which such lands were sold, with all costs, including poundage, and interest at the rate of eight per cent per annum on the purchase money from the day of sale to the time of such deposit, except where the judgment creditor is the purchaser, the interest at such rate on the excess above his claim. The court of common pleas thereupon shall make an order setting aside such sale, and apply the deposit to the payment of such judgment or decree and costs, and award such interest to the purchaser, who shall received from the officer making the sale the purchase money paid by him, and the interest from the clerk. This section does not take away the power of the court to set aside such sale for any reason for which it might have been set aside prior to April 16, 1888.
2329.34. Conveyance by commissioner.
Real property may be conveyed by a master commissioner or special master only:
(A) When, by an order or a judgment in an action or proceeding, a party is required to convey such property to another, and he neglects or refuses to do so, and the master is directed to convey on his failure;
(B) When specific real property is sold by a master under an order or judgment of the court appointing him. No court shall make or issue an order to a master for the sale of real estate, unless there exists some special reason why the sale should not be made by the sheriff of the county where the decree or order was made, which reason, if the court finds any to exist, shall be embodied in and made part of the judgment, order, or decree for such sale.
2329.35. Sheriff may act for master commissioner.
A master commissioner or special master who sells real property shall have the same power to administer oaths that is conferred upon sheriffs. A sheriff may act as a master commissioner. On notice, and for a reasonable compensation to be paid him by a master out of his fees, the sheriff shall attend and make sale for a master who, by reason of sickness, is unable to attend. Sales made by a master must conform to the laws regulating sales of lands upon execution.
2329.36. Deed of sheriff, master.
An officer, including a master commissioner and a special master, who sells real property, on confirmation of the sale, must make to the purchaser a deed, containing the names of the parties to the judgment, the names of the owners of the property sold, a reference to the volume and page of the recording of the next preceding recorded instrument by or through which the owners claim title, the date and amount of the judgment, the substance of the execution or order on which the property was sold, the substance of the officer's return thereon, and the order of confirmation. The deed shall be executed, acknowledged, and recorded as other deeds.
2329.37. Effect of deed.
The deed provided for in section 2329.36 of the Revised Code shall be prima facie evidence of the legality and regularity of the sale. All the estate and interest of the person whose property the officer so professed to sell and convey, whether it existed at the time the property become liable to satisfy the judgment, or was acquired afterward, shall be vested in the purchaser by such sale.
2329.38. Printer's fee.
The officer who makes a levy, or holds an order of sale, before giving notice of the sale, may demand of the plaintiff, his agent or attorney, the fees of the printer for publishing such notice. The officer need not make such publication until the fees are paid.
2329.39. Place of sale.
Sale of lands or tenements under execution or order of sale must be held in the county in which they are situated and at the courthouse, unless otherwise ordered by the court. Purchase of real or personal property, by the officer making the sale thereof, or by an appraiser of such property, shall be fraudulent and void.
2329.40. Alias execution.
If lands and tenements levied on, or ordered to be sold, are not sold upon execution, other executions may be issued to sell them.
2329.41. Separate levies directed on separate tracts.
When two or more executions come to the hands of an officer, and it is necessary to levy on real estate to satisfy them, and either of the judgment creditors, or his assignee, requires him to make a separate levy to satisfy his executions, the officer shall obey the direction. The officer who makes the levy on behalf of the creditor whose execution is entitled to a preference by sections 2329.01 to 2329.61, inclusive, of the Revised Code, has the choice of such part of the real property of the judgment debtor as, at two thirds of the appraised value, will be sufficient to satisfy it.
2329.42. Two or more executions to same officer.
If two or more executions entitled to no preference as to each other are put in the hands of the same officer, when required, he must levy them on separate parcels of the real property of the judgment debtor if, in the opinion of the appraisers, they can be divided without material injury. If the real property of such debtor is not sufficient, at two thirds of its appraised value, to satisfy all the executions chargeable thereon, such part of it must be levied on, to satisfy each execution, as bears the same proportion in value to the whole as the amount due on the execution bears to the amount of all the executions chargeable thereon, as near as may be, according to the appraised value of each separate parcel.
2329.43. Deeds for lands sold may be made by a sheriff's successor.
If the term of service of the officer who makes a sale of lands and tenements expires, or if he dies, is absent, or otherwise unable to make a deed of conveyance of the property sold, on receiving a certificate from the court from which execution issued for such sale, signed by the clerk of such court, by order of the court, setting forth that sufficient proof has been made that the sale was fair and legal, on tender of the purchase money, or if it or a part thereof has been paid, then, on proof of such payment and tender of the balance, any of the successors of such officer may execute to the purchaser, or his legal representatives, a deed of conveyance of the lands and tenements sold. Such deed shall be as valid in law as if the officer who made the sale had executed it.
2329.44. Excess payable to debtor; notice to debtor.
(A) On a sale made pursuant to this chapter, if the officer who makes the sale receives from the sale more money than is necessary to satisfy the writ of execution, with interest and costs, the officer who made the sale shall deliver any balance remaining after satisfying the writ of execution, with interest and costs, to the clerk of the court that issued the writ of execution. The clerk then shall do one of the following:
(1) If the balance is twenty-five dollars or more, send to the judgment debtor whose property was the subject of the sale a notice that indicates the amount of the balance, informs the judgment debtor that he is entitled to receive the balance, and sets forth the procedure that the judgment debtor is required to follow to obtain the balance. This notice shall be sent to the judgment debtor at the address of the judgment debtor in the caption on the judgment or at any different address he may have provided, by certified mail, return receipt requested, within ninety days after the sale. If the certified mail envelope is returned with an endorsement showing failure or refusal of delivery, the clerk immediately shall send the judgment debtor, at the address of the judgment debtor in the caption on the judgment or any different address he may have provided, a similar notice by ordinary mail. If the ordinary mail envelope is returned for any reason, the clerk immediately shall give a similar notice to the judgment debtor by an advertisement in a newspaper published in and of general circulation in the county, which advertisement shall run once a week for at least three consecutive weeks.
(2) If the balance is less than twenty-five dollars, send to the judgment debtor whose property was the subject of the sale a notice that indicates the amount of the balance, informs the judgment debtor that he is entitled to receive the balance, and sets forth the procedure that the judgment debtor is required to follow to obtain the balance. This notice shall be sent to the judgment debtor at the address of the judgment debtor in the caption on the judgment or at any different address he may have provided, by ordinary mail.
(B) (1) Subject to division (B)(2) of this section, the clerk of the court that issued the writ of execution, on demand and whether or not the notice required by division (A)(1) or (2) of this section is provided as prescribed, shall pay the balance to the judgment debtor or his legal representatives.
(2) The clerk of the court that issued the writ of execution is not required to pay the balance to the judgment debtor or his legal representatives pursuant to division (B)(1) of this section until the judgment debtor or the legal representatives pay to the clerk twenty-five dollars if the balance is twenty-five dollars or more, or five dollars if the balance is less than twenty-five dollars to compensate the clerk for the costs incurred in the provision of the notice required by division (A)(1) or (2) of this section.
2329.45. Reversal of judgment.
If a judgment in satisfaction of which lands, or tenements are sold, is reversed, such reversal shall not defeat or affect the title of the purchaser. In such case restitution must be made by the judgment creditor of the money for which such lands or tenements were sold, with interest from the day of sale.
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